Příspěvky k dějinám francouzské filozofie společnosti
The book focuses on three major French philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries: Ch.-L. Montesquieu, Voltaire and E. Durkheim. The selection show the continuity of the author’s interest in French historiographic school – Annales, which frequently referred to Voltaire and Durkheim as scholars who focused on history in a wider, socio-cultural sense. Although Montesqueu is not considered as predecessor of Annales, it would be a mistake to read Voltaire without the kontext of his great contemporary. Besides that, we can see Montesquieu as a social-political thinker, whom some consider to be a predecessor of sociology and who pointed out deeper foundations of historical events. We must not forget about his introduction of the concept of objektive law society and its history, which relates him with Durkheim.