Architektura mezi myšlenkou a skutečností
Architecture between idea and reality
It has been said that architecture is the queen of fine arts, among other things because it not only helps to complete space, but actually creates it, which is dissimilar to painting, sculpture and other fields. But even before architecture becomes a material object, a tangible three-dimensional work of art, before it becomes a place, it is a thought, an idea – “a disegno” – formed in the mind of the creator, perhaps translated onto paper. Architecture is thus in its beginnings actually a mere ethereal dream. Therefore, searching for serious answers to various “what ifs…” is the type of question asked in art history and architecture. That includes theoretical contemplation about architecture, as well as about buildings which no longer exist, and whose expression and visual effect we can only surmise. Edifices which have never been built are also objects of scholarly interest – ideas that did not become reality. It does not matter whether it is the relationship between ideas of Abbot Suger and the practice of gothic cathedral builders, the ephemeral constructions torn down as soon as they have served their purpose, or the buildings lost in the depths of time but captured on plans, illustrations or, as in the case of Great Moravian architecture, only by archaeological research. It is insignificant whether it is an unrealized project, a competitive design or merely an ideal creation such as the revolutionary visions of Boullée, or buildings which never existed but are depicted in other artworks as scenery such as Schinkel’s cathedral above a city, the antique-style architecture of Mantegna and della Francesca or the daring concepts of Piranesi. In all these we have architecture which stands between two worlds; between an idea and reality. It is precisely such imagined architecture that became the subject of this book.